Start up, Resource, Clothing line 101 Starting up, Resources, Fashion line 101, Basics Donovan Mathews Comment
Start up, Resource, Clothing line 101 Starting up, Resources, Fashion line 101, Basics Donovan Mathews Comment
Some acrylic is used in clothing as a less expensive alternative to cashmere, due to the similar feeling of the materials. It is strong and warm. Often used for sweaters, tracksuits and as linings for boots and gloves.
A chambray is a plain weave fabric woven with a colored yarn in the warp and a white yarn in the weft. Like chambray, denim is made with a colored yarn in the warp and white in the weft, but is woven in a twill construction. Both chambray and denim can be found in both heavy and light weight styles. The heavier versions will seem more casual and be more durable and rugged. Higher thread count versions of denim will be thinner and light weight and seem more “dressed up” than lower thread count versions. Lighter weight chambray can have either a dressy or casual appeal. Some will be woven with a tighter weave and have a nice shine and dress up nicely, while others will have a very noticeable fabric slub and a looser, gauzier weave that is better suited for casual shirting.
Chiffon is a sheer fabric of silk, nylon, or rayon in plain weave. It can be difficult to work with because of its light and slippery texture. Most commonly used in evening wear, especially as an overlay, for giving an elegant and floating appearance to the gown. It is also a popular fabric used in blouses, ribbons, scarves and lingerie.
Cotton is a soft white fibrous substance that surrounds the seeds of a tropical and subtropical plant and is used as textile fiber and thread for sewing. Comfortable and soft, good absorbency, color retention, prints well, machine-washable, dry-cleanable, good strength and drapes well. Cotton is used to make a number of textile products. These include terrycloth for highly absorbent bath towels and robes; denim for blue jeans, corduroy, seersucker, and cotton twill. Socks, underwear, and most T-shirts are made from cotton. Fabric also can be made from recycled or recovered cotton that otherwise would be thrown away during the spinning, weaving, or cutting process. While many fabrics are made completely of cotton, some materials blend cotton with other fibers, including rayon and synthetic fibers such as polyester. It can either be used in knitted or woven fabrics, as it can be blended with elastine to make a stretchier thread for knitted fabrics, and apparel such as stretch jeans.
Corduroy is a textile composed of twisted fibers that, when woven, lie parallel (similar to twill) to one another to form the cloth's distinct pattern, a "cord." Modern corduroy is most commonly composed of tufted cords, sometimes exhibiting a channel (bare to the base fabric) between the tufts. Corduroy is, in essence, a ridged form of velvet. The fabric looks as if it is made from multiple cords laid parallel to each other and then stitched together. As a fabric, corduroy is considered a durable cloth. Corduroy is found in the construction of trousers, jackets and shirts. Wide wale is more commonly used in trousers and furniture upholstery (primarily couches); medium, narrow, and fine wale fabrics are usually found in garments worn above the waist. Usually considered a heavier weight fabric.
Crêpe or crape is a silk, wool, or synthetic fiber fabric with a distinctively crisp, crimped appearance. The term crape typically refers to a form of the fabric associated specifically with mourning, also historically called crespe or crisp. A recommended choice for the womens used for pants, skirts, tops and blouses.
Crochet is a process of creating fabric by interlocking loops of yarn, thread, or strands of other materials using a crochet hook. The name is taken from the French word "crochet", meaning small hook. Used for light, summer sweaters and other kind of tops.
It is commonly known that denim is the fabric of our jeans. But from a construction wise, denim is a twill fabric. A sturdy, possibly coarser twill. For the most part, when it comes to denim shirting, you’re mostly going to find much softer, lighter versions of the fabric than what your jeans are made of. Denim shirting can come in many forms but generally will be a bit shiny and be a dramatically different color on the inside than the outside. Depending on the weight, denims can be used for shirting, jeans, dresses and jackets. A fabric for all.
Fleece is a general term for a fabric. A fleece, a woollen coat of a domestic sheep or long-haired goat, especially after having been sheared (but before being processed into yarn or thread). A fleece jacket or fleece is a lightweight casual jacket made of polyester synthetic wool such as Polar Fleece. A fleece jacket will typically have a zipper up the middle, rather than buttons or other fasteners. Also can be used for a hoodie to keep warm. A fleece will provide thermal insulation but is not normally weatherproof and so won't keep out wind and rain. Fleece is one of the most functional fabrics out there. It’s soft, durable and warm, which makes it ideal for use in cold weather.
Georgette (from crêpe Georgette) is a sheer, lightweight, dull-finished crêpe fabric. Georgette fabric is a textile traditionally made from silk, although synthetic fibers such as polyester are sometimes used as well. The thing that makes georgette fabric distinctive is the crinkly crepe-light texture, which feels slightly rough and dull, but gives the fabric a bouncy, flowing look. The threads used in georgette fabric are highly twisted, which causes them to crinkle as they relax. The weave of georgette tends to be rather tight, but the overall appearance is slightly sheer, since the threads are very thin. It also drapes very well, making it a popular choice for women's fashions in which clingy, flowing fabrics are favored. Bridal gowns, evening dresses, and other formal wear are sometimes made with georgette fabric.
Lace is delicate, classic, and always elegant. Lace is a decorative and open work fabric consisting of a network of yarns formed into intricate designs. Lace may be hand or machine made, and intricate pattern scan be produced by either technique. Use lace for creating romantic tops, overlays on dresses and skirts, bridal veils and more.
Lycra is ideal for its great stretch factor. Lycra and stretch fabrics add comfort and ease to figure-flattering T-shirts, yoga pants, loungewear, skirts, and dresses that drape wonderfully.
Gingham is a medium weight, plain weave fabric with a plaid or check pattern. End-uses include shirts, dresses and lightweight shorts.
Herringbone is a variation on the twill weave construction in which the twill is reversed, or broken, at regular intervals, producing a zig-zag effect. Commonly used in the mens tailoring and be found on shirtings, suits and ties.
Houndstooth is a variation on the twill weave construction in which a broken check effect is produced by a variation in the pattern of interlacing yarns, utilizing at least two different colored yarns. The distinctive pattern can be commonly used on jackets, overcoats, pants and tops.
Ikat is a fabric, usually handwoven which has been tie-dyed in the yarns prior to weaving. The pattern can range from simple little dots to intricate double ikats. Can be used for maxi dress, shorts, tops and skirts for the summer vibe.
Khaki is a tan or dusty colored warp face twill, softer and finer than drill. Name derived from East India word meaning "earth color." Fabric made of cotton, linen, wool, worsted, or manmade fibers and blends. Commonly used for pants, shorts, jeans and jackets. Popular choice for the mens.
LEATHER / PU
Leather is an animal skin dressed for use in clothing. Because the nature of the fabric does not allow it to stretch, it is mainly used for jackets, skirts and pants. If you are looking for a fabric that drapes, this is not a recommended choice. Also much better recommended for the cold climate.
A natural plant fiber, linen fibers are stronger and more lustrous than cotton. Linen tends to get wrinkled easily, but that is the nature of the fabric. Ideal for the summer and resort. Depending on the weight, it’s appropriate for anything from heirloom sewing and blouses to slacks and jackets.
Mesh has a dimensional quality to it that although sheer, poses some body. Easily draped, it has a gauze-like appeal with its light to medium weight hand. We see this fabric being used for inserts of cutouts or paired with a lining as it is sheer and areas that are acceptable to be exposed.
Modal is a type of rayon, a semi-synthetic cellulose fiber made by spinning reconstituted cellulose, in this case often from beech trees. Modal is used alone or with other fibers (often cotton or spandex) in household items such as pajamas, towels, bathrobes, underwear and bedsheets.
A tough, lightweight, elastic synthetic polymer with a proteinlike chemical structure and able to be produced as filaments, sheets, or molded objects. Fabric or yarn made from nylon fibers. Nylon can be used for blouses, dresses, foundation garments, hosiery, lingerie, underwear, raincoats, ski apparel, windbreakers, swimwear, and cycle wear. Most items made from nylon can be machine washed and tumble dried at low temperatures. Use warm water and add a fabric softener to the final rinse cycle.
Piqué, or marcella, refers to a weaving style, normally used with cotton yarn, which is characterized by raised parallel cords or fine ribbing. It holds more starch than plain fabric, so produces a stiffer shirt front. Marcella shirts then replaced earlier plain fronts, which remain a valid alternative. Marcella's use then spread to other parts of the dress code and it is now the most common fabric used in the tie and waistcoat of white tie. A knit fabric with a similar texture is used in polo shirts. Piques may be constructed in various patterns such as cord, waffle, honeycomb and birdseye piques.
A plaid is a cloth made with a tartan pattern wrapped around the waist and cast over the shoulder and fastened at the front. A plaid shirt, typically of flannel worn during the winter to keep warm.
Satin is a sleek and glossy fabric created with a particular type of textile weave. The fibers that are commonly woven to create satin are silk, cotton, wool and also synthetic materials like polyester or acetate that allow to have a less expensive fabric. Satin is commonly used in apparel such as satin baseball jackets, athletic shorts, women's lingerie, nightgowns, blouses, and evening gowns, but also in some men's boxer shorts, briefs, shirts and neckties.
Seersucker is a fabric with a woven pucker and traditionally cotton, but can be polyester. Suitable for shirts, casual slacks and children’s clothing. In the recent years, it has been a popular choice in the menswear tailoring, especially for the spring & summer vibes.
Sequins is ornamented with a small plate of shining metal or plastic. They are disk-shaped beads used for decorative purposes. In earlier centuries, they were made from shiny metals. Today, sequins are most often made from plastic. They are available in a wide variety of colors and geometrical shapes. Sequins may be stitched flat to the fabric, so that they do not move, and are less likely to fall off; or they may be stitched at only one point, so that they dangle and move easily, to catch more light. Some sequins are made with multiple facets, to increase their reflective ability. Sequins are commonly used on clothing, jewelry, bags, shoes and many other accessories.
Suede is a type of leather with a napped finish. Actual napping is a finishing process applied to one or both sides of a woven or knitted fabric. Napping raises the fiber ends to the surface of the fabric, so that they can be clipped, brushed flat or left erect. This then creates a surface texture that creates a softer, heavier and usually a warmer fabric. These raised fibers all lie in one direction.Commonly used for jackets, shoes, shirts, purses, furniture and other items.
Tweed is a rough, woolen fabric, of a soft, open, flexible texture, resembling cheviot or homespun, but more closely woven. It is usually woven with a plain weave, twill or herringbone structure. Common end-uses include coats and suits, perfect for the cold climates.
Velvet is a type of woven tufted fabric in which the cut threads are evenly distributed, with a short dense pile, giving it a distinctive feel. It is one of the most fascinating fabrics and the process to create this special woven is very delicate. Velvet tends to be smooth and can be made from either synthetic or natural fibers. Velvets are usually used for blazers, pants, ties, womens' tops, dresses and more.
WOOL - MERINO
Merino wool - a type of wool that originates from pure-bred Merino sheep. The best Merino wool comes from Italy. Today, Merinos are still regarded as having some of the finest and softest wool of any sheep. It is excellent at regulating body temperature, especially when worn against the skin. The wool provides some warmth, without overheating the wearer. It draws moisture (sweat) away from the skin, a phenomenon known as wicking, which results in helping the wearer stay comfortable whether it be in warm or cold conditions. Merino wool is common in high-end, and typically meant for use in running, hiking, skiing, mountain climbing, cycling, hunting and in other types of outdoor aerobic exercise, these clothes and accessories command a premium over synthetic fabrics.
Worsted - A fine smooth yarn spun from combed long-staple wool. It is a type of wool yarn, the fabric made from this yarn, and a yarn weight category. "Worsted" yarns/fabrics are distinct from woolens (though both are made from sheep's wool). It is considered stronger, finer, smoother, and harder than the latter. Worsted wool fabric is typically used in the making of tailored garments such as suits, as opposed to woollen wool, which is used for knitted items such as sweaters.
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